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Mumbai Airport main runway to be closed during day time for 5 months from Nov 1



Mumbai: The main runway at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, which can handle at least 46 flights an hour, will be shut off for commercial flight operations between 9am and 5.30 pm from 1 November 2019 to 28 March 2020 due to re-carpeting work, a spokesperson of Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), which operates the CSIA said on Friday.

It can be noted that the Mumbai is the world’s busiest single-runway airport, handling close to 1,000 aircraft movements a day. Given the repair work at the intersection of the primary and secondary runways, the number of flights taking off and landing at the airport will likely decrease.

According to a Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (CSIA) spokesperson, over 5,000 flights are expected to be cancelled or rescheduled. The intersections of both runways will be re-carpeted as well. Around 250 flights will be affected due to this six hour closure.

The Kempegowda International Airport in Bengaluru will remain shut later this month due to the biennial Aero India show.

Meanwhile, over 14 flights were diverted from Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi between 6pm and 7pm due to bad weather. The flights have been diverted to Amritsar, Lucknow and Jaipur.

It also said the main runway will be available for operations on all Sundays as well as on December 25, January 1 and 15, February 19 and 21 and also on March 10 and 25.

The Airports Authority of India (AAI) said that because of repairs, there will be changes in operating procedures, including changes in isolated aircraft parking position – in case of perceived threats – and bomb threat contingency plan. Pilots have been advised to ensure extra attention when taxiing near the work areas.


Coffee may help reduce the risk of certain digestive disorders




Coffee consumption may have on the process of digestion, including supporting gut microflora and promoting gut motility.

“Data indicates benefits against common digestive complaints such as constipation, as well as a potential reduction in the risk of more serious conditions like chronic liver diseases,” said study author Carlo La Vecchia from the University of Milan in Italy.

Gallstone disease is a common digestive disorder, caused by the accumulation of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile duct, which affects approximately 10-15 per cent of the adult population.

While the mechanism by which coffee may protect against gallstone disease is not yet known, it has been observed that the risk for the condition declines with increasing daily consumption of coffee, the researchers said.


Caffeine is thought to play a role in these associations, as the same effect is not observed with decaffeinated coffee.

A common question among consumers and focus area for research is whether coffee is associated with heartburn or gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD).

While a small number of studies have suggested an association between coffee drinking and GORD, the majority of studies reviewed suggest that coffee is not a major trigger of these conditions.

Recent studies suggest that populations of the beneficial gut bacteria Bifidobacterium spp, increase after drinking coffee.

The findings showed the dietary fibre and polyphenols found in coffee, support the healthy growth of microflora populations.

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