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NITI Aayog Deputy Chairman said – Reforms do not mean complete abolition of labor laws.

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Concerns have been raised by many labor organizations about changes in labor laws in many states. The NITI Aayog, while trying to clarify things in this regard, has said that the government is committed to protecting the interests of workers. NITI Aayog Deputy Chairman Rajiv Kumar said that the strength of reforms is not to abolish the labor laws altogether. 

In recent weeks, various state governments, including Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat, have either amended or proposed amendments to existing labor laws. The industry has been badly affected by the restrictions imposed to prevent the corona virus. This step has been taken by the state governments to provide relief to industry and companies.

Kumar said, “It has come to my notice that the Union Ministry of Labor has tightened its stand and made it clear to the states that they cannot abolish the labor laws, because India has signed the International Labor Organization (ILO) Is in countries.

He said that it is clear that the Central Government believes that reform of labor laws does not mean abolition of labor laws. The government is committed to protecting the interests of workers. He was asked whether labor reforms could be done by states like Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat without creating any kind of safety net for the workers. 

The Uttar Pradesh government recently exempted various industries from certain labor laws for three years through an ordinance. The government has taken this step to speed up the economic activity affected by the Corona virus. The Madhya Pradesh government has also changed some labor laws to encourage economic activity amid nationwide bandh. Some other states are going to take similar steps. 

On the macroeconomic situation of the country, the Deputy Chairman of NITI Aayog said that like the rest of the world, India is also facing the adverse effects of Covid-19. This epidemic has severely affected economic activity during the first two months of the current financial year. 

The Reserve Bank has said that India’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate in the current financial year will be negative. To this, Kumar said that the negative growth is yet to be fully predicted. Right now, many things are unknown on the domestic and global front. 

Kumar said that the aim of the government’s Rs 20 lakh crore economic package is not just consumer demand, but to improve aggregate demand. He said that the Reserve Bank has taken several measures to increase cash in the system. The Finance Minister is also encouraging banks to increase the flow of credit. This will help increase the total demand of the economy. 

He said that it is important now that the financial sector especially banks should not avoid taking risks and increase the flow of credit to other sectors including micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME). If this happens, demand will arise and we will see improvement in economic activity in the country. 

Asked whether the Reserve Bank should monetize the deficit, Kumar said that the government was considering all possible options for financing the stimulus package. On the possibility that companies exiting China may turn to India, Kumar said that if we bring the right policies to target companies, I see no reason why these companies will not come to India. 

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Govt plans to boost organic farming by doubling allocation,but experts say it’s anti Swadeshi

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  • Agriculture Ministry has proposed to double the allocation for the sector to Rs 1,300 crore annually in coming years
  • It has also proposed to bring additional 25 lakh hectares under organic farming in the next 5 years.
  • The current organic farming coverage of 28 lakh hectares is a measly 2% of the total farm land.
  • Zero budget farming expert Subhash Palekar thumbed down the government’s move saying it was a foreign concept and destroys fertility of the farmland

In a serious push to natural farming within the nation, the Agriculture Ministry has proposed to double the allocation for the sector to Rs 1,300 crore yearly. The Center has supplied Rs 660 crore to help the sector in its funds estimate (BE) for FY21. In a presentation to the Fifteenth Finance Fee, the Agriculture Ministry has proposed to convey extra 25 lakh hectares underneath natural farming within the subsequent 5 years. The present natural farming protection of 28 lakh hectares is a measly 2% of the entire farm land.

The federal government has been selling natural farming within the nation by varied central schemes. The transfer is geared toward decreasing the usage of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and progress regulators. States corresponding to Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Sikkim have boosted natural farming by offering varied incentives and help.

In January 2016, Sikkim was declared India’s first 100% natural state. Regardless of the federal government’s push for natural farming, its adoption has been sluggish. In comparison with a few of the European nations, the entire acreage underneath natural farming is far decrease. As per Eurostat, the entire space underneath natural farming within the European Union (EU) has been growing through the years. In 2018, the entire space underneath natural farming was 13.four million hectares of the agricultural land.

This made up about 7.5% of complete EU agricultural land in that 12 months. Moreover motivating farmers to take up natural farming, India has been pushing for exports of natural merchandise particularly vegetables and fruits. As per Agricultural and Processed Meals Merchandise Export Improvement Authority (APEDA), complete exports of natural merchandise in worth phrases recorded a 50 per cent leap in 2018-19 to Rs 5,151 crore. Among the many main meals gadgets that had been shipped out from the nation included flax seeds, sesame, soybean, arhar (purple gram), rice and tea. The US and European Union (EU) member-countries had been the most important consumers of those natural merchandise.

However not everybody is happy about natural farming. Subhash Palekar –  the pioneer of Zero Funds Pure Farming (ZBNF) – mentioned that natural farming is a overseas technique and shouldn’t be inspired when the federal government is stressing on AtmanirbharBharat.

“AtmanirbharBharat means Swadeshi. Natural farming will not be Swadeshi and it destroys the fertility of the land. It’s far dearer than standard farming utilizing chemical fertilizers. The enter value is much increased in case of natural farming. It is past my understanding that whereas the federal government is speaking about Atmanirbhar Bharat it has determined to advertise natural farming. This coverage will not be proper,” Palekar mentioned.

Agriculture coverage professional Vijay Sardana mentioned that there was no dependable information to conclude that productiveness goes up in natural farming. “There is no such thing as a subject in pushing for natural farming however the authorities also needs to spell out its meals safety plan. Then, the opposite subject is natural merchandise are offered at a premium so solely the wealthy can afford to purchase,” Sardana mentioned.

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