Connect with us


Space Rock bigger than Empire State Building to pass by Earth today



NASA: Today an asteroid, which is roughly 569 metres in diameter, will fly by the Earth. The asteroid, 2006 QQ23 is as big as the Empire State Building and is considered a NEO (Near-Earth Object). The 2006 QQ23 will fly within 0.049 astronomical units (1 AU = Distance between Earth and the Sun) at about 16,740 kmph.

The object being within 0.5 AU of Earth and greater than 140 meters in diameter has been labelled as a potentially hazardous object. The asteroid though, is not considered as a threat and has been called more or less benign by Lindley Johnson and Kelly Fast of NASA’s Planetary Defence Coordination Office, responsible for tracking near-Earth objects in our Solar System.

Asteroids and meteors are said to fly by the Earth and Moon all the time and are not considered a threat. The few fragments that do enter the Earth explode on atmospheric entry and lead to bright meteor showers. Meteorites are remnants of these fragments are found on Earth’s Surface. Most of these objects do not pose a threat but are constantly monitored to ensure they don’t turn into a threat.

According to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, there are about 900 NEO with a diameter greater than one kilometre making them larger than 2006 QQ23. NASA says there is no significant risk from these NEO’s for the next 100 years. The highest risk that an asteroid will hit Earth is a chance of impact by 2009 FD in 2185 which is 1 in 714, about 2 percent.

NASA and other space agencies are working on methods to deflect asteroids that have a higher chance of impact through techniques like Gravity Tractor. Unlike the tractor beams from sci-fi movies, Gravity Tractor utilizes a spacecraft that will use its relative gravity with the asteroid to deflect it into a different trajectory without landing on it. There other methods like kinetic impactor or using nuclear explosion.


Ayodhya: SC orders allotment of alternative land to Muslims for mosque




The Supreme Court on Saturday pronounced its verdict in the politically sensitive case of Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute in Ayodhya. The five-judge constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, includes Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.

The Ayodhya dispute, India’s longest-running historical, political and socio-religious debate, culminated on Saturday when the country’s Supreme Court ruled on the title suit of the 2.77 acre land in this Uttar Pradesh town that is claimed both by Hindus and Muslims.

There was unprecedented security in Uttar Pradesh as well as other parts of India with Prime Minister Narendra Modi stating that the judgement would not be anyone’s ‘victory or defeat’ but ‘would give strength to India’s tradition of peace, unity and amity’.

Here are highlights from the verdict:

* Sharp at 10.30 am, the 5-judge bench assembled to read out the verdict.

* The bench dismissed the appeal of the Shia Waqf Board, pronouncing an unanimous verdict in the case. Shia Waqf board’s claim was over the disputed structure. Court says the land is held by the government, according to revenue records.

* SC said the disputed land was government land in revenue records.

* SC referred to the content of the lawsuit of devotee Gopal Singh Visharad — the first to approach court in 1950 — seeking right to worship at the site.

* Top court held that Nirmohi Akhara’s suit is barred by limitation, not a shebait or devotee of deity Ram Lalla.

* SC lent credence to the archeological evidence on the disputed site.

* SC said that terming the archeological evidence as merely an opinion would be a great disservice to the Archeological Society of India.

* The Apex court said the Babri mosque was not built on vacant land. The underlying structure was not an Islamic structure.

* Court said the fact that there lied a temple beneath the destroyed structure has been established by the ASI.

* ASI had not established whether temple was demolished to build the mosque.

* Hindus consider this place as birthplace of lord Ram, even Muslims say this about disputed place: SC

* Faith of Hindus that Lord Rama was born at demolished structure is undisputed: SC

* The existence of Sita Rasoi, Ram Chabutra and Bhandar grih are the testimony of the religious fact of the place: SC

* Title cannot be established on ground of faith, belief; they are kind of indicator for deciding dispute: SC

* Evidence suggests Hindus were in possession of outer court yard, says SC

* Extensive nature of Hindus worshipping at outer courtyard at site has been there: SC

* Evidence suggest Muslims offered Friday prayers at mosque which indicates they have not lost possession: SC

* Despite obstruction caused in offering prayers at mosque, evidence suggest that there was no abandonment: SC

* Iron railing was set up at site in 1856-1857, it suggests Hindus kept worshipping at the site: SC

* Muslims have not adduced evidence they were in exclusive possession of dispute site: SC

* Muslims were not in possession of outer courtyard of the site: SC

* UP Sunni Central Waqf Board has failed to establish its case in Ayodhya dispute: SC

* On the contrary, Hindus established their case that they were in possession of outer courtyard: SC

* SC directs allotment of alternative land — of 5 acres — to Muslims to build new mosque.

* Damage to Babri mosque was violation of law: SC

* SC asks Centre to frame scheme within 3 months and set up a trust for construction of a temple.

* SC dismisses plea of Nirmohi Akhara seeking control of entire disputed land.

* Possession of disputed 2.77 acre land will remain with central government receiver for the temple: SC

* Centre, UP govt can monitor together future actions by authorities: SC

* SC grants entire 2.77 acre of disputed land in Ayodhya to deity Ram Lalla.

* SC directs Centre and UP govt to allot 5 acre land to the Muslims at a prominent place for building mosque.

* SC asks Centre to consider granting some kind of representation to Nirmohi Akhara in setting up of trust.

Continue Reading