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Diabetes in pregnancy ups the risk in kids later

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Children and youths whose mothers had diabetes during their pregnancy are themselves at an increased risk of the disorder, say researchers, including one of Indian-origin.

The study showed that a child or teenager whose mother had gestational diabetes — diabetes during pregnancy — was nearly twice as likely to develop diabetes before the age of 22 years.

The association was found in children from birth to the age of 22 years, from birth to 12 years, and from 12 to 22 years, said the study, published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

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“Although Type-1 and Type-2 diabetes in parents are well-established risk factors for diabetes, we show that gestational diabetes mellitus may be a risk indicator for diabetes in the mother’s children before age 22,” said Kaberi Dasgupta, clinician-scientist from the McGill University in Canada.

“This link of diabetes in children and youth with gestational diabetes in the mother has the potential to stimulate clinicians, parents, and children and youth themselves to consider the possibility of diabetes if offspring of a mother with gestational diabetes mellitus develop signs and symptoms such as frequent urination, abnormal thirst, weight loss or fatigue,” said Dasgupta.

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According to World Health Organzation, diabetes can be treated and its consequences can be avoided or delayed with diet, physical activity, medication and regular screening and treatment for complications.

For the study, the researchers included 73,180 mothers.

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Period Food: What Not To Eat When You’re Menstruating

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When talking about PMS and period symptoms, diet is vital. However, eating healthily while on your period can be a bit of a challenge. Many of our cravings are erratic, extreme and unhealthy, and the foods we eat can have a huge impact on our bodies.

During menstruation and pre-menstruation, our hormones are all over the place and our bodies already feel like they’re falling apart, so it’s really important to make sure that what you eat isn’t making things worse.

Caffeine – with your fluctuating hormones leaving your mental state a little out of sorts, the last thing you want to do is introduce a stimulant like caffeine to throw your body into overdrive and cause more erratic mood swings. Coffee is the obvious one, but many fizzy drinks also contain caffeine.

Sugary foods – these will cause a sudden spike in energy levels, which will feel good at first, but your energy levels will crash just as suddenly, leaving you even more grumpy and lethargic than you started.

Dairy products  Everyone likes a cup of warm milk during those painful cramps. However, dairy products are known to contain an acid (arachidonic acid, to be precise) which in turn can cause and aggravate cramps.

Alcohol –Who doesn’t like having a shot or two of alcohol, if it helps you forget your cramp pain? However, having too much alcohol can cause your period symptoms to worsen. Better stay away.

Red meat – Foods high in saturated fats, like red meat should be avoided as they can worsen your cramps, bloating and acne. Instead, consuming leaner meats like skinless chicken or fish and other proteins is a better idea.

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