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Kerala- first to issue Brain Dead certification guidelines



Brain Dead

The Kerala government issued guidelines on Saturday to take a decision on Brain Dead cases. Kerala has become the first state to adopt Standard Operating Procedure in such cases. The rules implemented will apply to both government and private hospitals.

In fact, for a long time, brain death and organ donation was such a serious discussion between peoples. Health Minister K.K. Selja said that the patient will be called brain dead when there is no possibility of survival. There are several scientific procedures that will be followed to confirm brain death.

Process to declare Brain Dead

According to the rules, a medical board of four doctors will declare a patient dead. There will also be a government doctor in this board. These rules are divided into three phases. Precautions should be taken before the tests to confirm brain death, must see the process of brain, sleep test must also be done.

The rules also explain the difference between brain death and coma. According to this, coma is the state, when the specific nerves of the brain become unconscious due to damage. Brain cells are permanently destroyed due to excessive bleeding in brain death.

Sleep test must be done twice

According to the rules, if the patient has to be kept at the ventilator side in coma stage then the possibility of brain to be dead can increase. For confirmation of brain death, the team has to do a sleep test twice. There will be a gap of 6 hours between the two. This will make it clear that in the future the patient can breathe himself or not.

If the legal or scientific probability of breathing is very low, then it can be declared a brain dead. With this, the process of organ donation can also be started on receipt of consent from the family. All these have to be recorded on Form 10 of Transplantation and Tissue Rules 2014 and on this form four doctors will have to sign.


The new rules for domestic flights in India.



As India prepares to begin domestic flight operations from May 25, there are new standard operating protocols in place. According to reports, a face mask inside a place is now mandatory, while passengers will need to board and deplane in batches.

Also, the entire process from now on will be contact-less, and all this points to the fact that flying is never going to be the same again. According to the standard operating protocols, passengers are now required to do web-check-ins, and get online baggage tickets. So the entire process is now actually starting from home. Additionally, passengers need to reach the airport two hours before their scheduled departure.

Here are some of the salient features of the new standard operating protocols for domestic flights.

  1. Passengers are now required to download the Arogya Setu App, and activate it as well. Children below 14 years of age are exempted from this rule.
  2. Face masks are absolutely essential at all times, even inside the aircraft.
  3. Airports will not have newspapers, and magazines at the lounges.
  4. Passengers will now be discouraged from using trolleys in arrivals and departures.
  5. Baggage will be sanitized before entering the airport.
  6. The boarding and deplaning will occur in batches.
  7. Passengers will have to go through thermal screenings, and the entire process will be contact-less.
  8. The baggage collection area will have markings that will ensure social distancing is practiced.
  9. Passengers will be provided with safety kits.
  10. Inside the aircraft, passengers are not to queue in front of the bathrooms.
  11. Meals will not be served inside the aircraft. Water will be provided.

Over all, airports are required to ensure that all these rules are being followed by passengers, and constant announcements for the same will be made at regular intervals. There will be a heightened degree of sanitation of the airports.

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