Education System in India; Govt's role, advantages, disadvantages
| Wednesday, Jul 20 2011 11:48AM IST
As India is making way towards development, Education plays a vital role. It was not recently that a headline emerged in a daily newspaper that read, 'India has exam system, not education system' which can definitely make one ponder whether India is on the right path as far as Education is concerned.Education has always been a prime concern for the country, thus inherited from Britishers has gone through many variations in the past 60 years. India has witnessed many changes in many fields like technology, lifestyle, economic growth, finance power of the country and lots more. Among these education is on the top.True is the fact that Education is a straight road to the development of the country but now Education has become a mere business as it has lost its quality and is depending on its quantity with quota system and politicization adding fuel to this. Present day education is totally depending on how to make money and is ignoring all the important aspects attached to it. It is neither imparting true knowledge of life, nor helping students to improve the talent that one has. With the growing competition, students have lost the power of learning something new as they are hooked with their different competitive exams. No wonder C N R Rao, who heads the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister (SACPM), said in a letter to Manmohan Singh that India is said to "have an examination system but not an education system... When will young people stop taking exams and do something worthwhile?"But we cannot completely blame the government for this as it is doing its part. Delhi government recently came up with 12 new schools, thus recruiting 9000 teachers to enhance educational facilities for the effective implementation of the Right to Education Act. Not only this, but the government has already upgraded the infrastructure in 127 schools as part of a project called 'Roopantar'. 529 new rooms have been constructed in existing schools in 2010-11 for proper implementation of the RTE Act. The law makes it mandatory for governments to provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to 14 years.Government's role in Education System in India:Education became the joint responsibility of the state as well as of the Central government. Together, many schemes were launched by the Indian government for developing the literacy rate within the country that included Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, District Primary Education Program, National Bal Bhavan and many more.Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:Primary Education is a must for all and for this the government of India came up with this 'Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan', the main goal of which was to give complete primary education to all the children between the age group 6-11. This 'abhiyan' emphasized on girl education and education of Schedule Caste (SC) and Schedule Tribe (ST) children.Other girl oriented programs that came up were Girl education at elementary level, 'National Program for Education of Girls at Elementary Level' (NPEGEL), 'Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya' (KGBV) and 'Mahila Samakhya Scheme'.District Primary Education Program:Launched in 1994 with the objective of improving primary education, it was easily made accessible to each and every child of school going age. It provided construction of school and classrooms, appointed teachers and provided education to disabled children. With the help of government this program has been made successful as 1, 60, 000 schools and 84, 000 alternative schools have been opened under this program. Not only this but work is going on for the construction of new buildings of 52, 758 schools and 4, 20, 203 disabled children have enrolled into the schools.Despite all the work being done to improve the education system, its quality, quantity all continue to haunt the policy makers which is due to the increasing poverty and discrimination. India needs its Education System to be modified as the present system does not help the students to grow up their personality and merit.